Drammens Expresbureau   -   Bypost Norway

drammens-expresbureau-bypost-norway-local-private-bicycle-stamp-philately

 (RE17396)

Originally the Norwegian state postal service took over only the transport from town to town. Within the towns the people had to help themselves to forward the incoming mail to the correct recipient. For this purpose in 1857 the first public Bypost (local post) was founded in Christiania, followed by the cities of Porsgrund, Bergen and Fredrikstad. Private companies followed. By postal law of 1871, however, a private company was allowed to settle only where there was no state Bypost. Later, the state monopoly was established in the Postal Act of 1888 and the private Byposten had to close.

Speculative stamp issues (without a need) by small villages brought the entire Bypost issues into disrepute. On the other hand Byposten in bigger cities with a large amount of mail are to be classified as serious and collectible.

In Drammen, a city 43 km southwest of Oslo, there were 4 "official", private Byposten, which are listed in the catalogs of Carl A. Pihl and Bjørn Schøyen/Finnaune: Drammen I: G.O. Ulleberg/Ismael Bernhard Hagen; Drammen II: E.B. Eckholt. (Eckholts Bypost); Drammen III: Johannes Eriksen (By- und Pakkepost); Drammen IV: M. Børresen (Børresens Bypost).

The Drammens Expresbureau stamp with the postman on the tricycle belongs not to one of the four "official" Bypost companies of Drammen but it is mentioned in the private mail catalog of Pihl.

There the above stamp is described (without photo) as follows: “issued in the 1890s years, red, perforation 11 ½”. Only little more is known about this stamp. The company Drammens Expresbureau was founded by Christian B. Lorentsen. At least seven copies are known:

drammens-expresbureau-bypost-norway-local-private-bicycle-stamp-philately
 

drammens-expresbureau-bypost-norway-local-private-bicycle-stamp-philately
 

drammens-expresbureau-bypost-norway-local-private-bicycle-stamp-philately

The black/white copy is from BS18A_11. Apparently there are two color variants: orange brown and carmine. If you know of another copy, please send a photo to contact[at]bicyclestamps.de so that this gallery can be expanded.

This stamp issue is probably one of the rather rare bicycle stamps.


References:

"RAILWAY, STEAMSHIP and CARRIER STAMPS OF NORWAY", Frederick A. Brofos and Alexander Brofos

"Le cycle et la poste", page 78, Jean-Pierre Mangin et René Geslin

"Norvège: une rareté philatélique", European Academy of Philately - 2000, Jean-Pierre Mangin, President of the EAP at that time

"Norges Byposter og annen norsk lokalpost", Carl A. Pihl; published in Norsk Filatelistisk Tidsskrift, 1963

"Katalog over Norges Byposter", Bjørn Schøyen and Finn Aune

Forschungsgemeinschaft Nordische Staaten e.V. Special thanks to Dr. Reinhard Meyer for the friendly support.

"Philatelistische Nachrichten Nr. 45" of the FG Nordische Staaten, Jürgen Tiemer

Katalog over Norges Byposter”, Bjørn Schøyen and Finn Aune   -    2005, ISBN 82-92535-03-9-236